Gitとは

プログラムのソースコードなどの変更履歴を記録・追跡するための分散型バージョン管理システムである。

コマンド一覧

  1. These are common Git commands used in various situations

    コマンド 説明
    clone Clone a repository into a new directory
    init Create an empty Git repository or reinitialize an existing one
    • clone

      1. usage

        git clone [<options>] [--] <repo> [<dir>]
        
      2. Options

        • -b, –branch <branch>
        • -o, –origin <name> use <name> instead of ‘origin’ to track upstream
      3. use pattern

         # リポジトリのクローン
         git clone <repository url>
        
  2. work on the current change (see also: git help everyday)

    コマンド 説明
    add Add file contents to the index
    mv Move or rename a file, a directory, or a symlink
    reset Reset current HEAD to the specified state
    rm Remove files from the working tree and from the index
  3. examine the history and state (see also: git help revisions)

    コマンド 説明
    bisect Use binary search to find the commit that introduced a bug
    grep Print lines matching a pattern
    log Show commit logs
    show Show various types of objects
    status Show the working tree status
  4. grow, mark and tweak your common history

    コマンド 説明
    branch List, create, or delete branches
    checkout Switch branches or restore working tree files
    commit Record changes to the repository
    diff Show changes between commits, commit and working tree, etc
    merge Join two or more development histories together
    rebase Reapply commits on top of another base tip
    tag Create, list, delete or verify a tag object signed with GPG
  5. collaborate (see also: git help workflows)

    コマンド 説明
    fetch Download objects and refs from another repository
    pull Fetch from and integrate with another repository or a local branch
    push Update remote refs along with associated objects
  6. others

    コマンド 説明
    clean Remove untracked files from the working tree
    • clean(未追跡ファイルの削除)

      1. usage

        git clean [-d] [-f] [-i] [-n] [-q] [-e <pattern>] [-x | -X] [--] <path>...
        
      2. Options

        • -n: Don’t actually remove anything, just show what would be done.
        • -d: Remove untracked directories in addition to untracked files.
        • -x: Don’t use the standard ignore rules.
        • -f, –force
      3. use pattern

         # 全てのファイルを削除(クラーンの状態に戻る)
         git clean -fdx
        

参照

  1. git cleanでUntracked files(未追跡ファイル)をまとめて削除