Gradleとは

GradleはGroovyのDSLを利用してビルドスクリプトを記述することのできるビルドシステムである。

環境準備

  1. Gradleをダウンロードして、解凍する

    gradle-5.5.1-bin.zip

  2. 環境変数を設定

    変数 説明
    GRADLE_HOME <解凍先> 新規
    Path %GRADLE_HOME%\bin 追記
  3. 環境確認

     $ gradle -v
    
     ------------------------------------------------------------
     Gradle 5.5.1
     ------------------------------------------------------------
    
     Build time:   2019-07-10 20:38:12 UTC
     Revision:     3245f748c7061472da4dc184991919810f7935a5
    
     Kotlin:       1.3.31
     Groovy:       2.5.4
     Ant:          Apache Ant(TM) version 1.9.14 compiled on March 12 2019
     JVM:          11.0.2 (Oracle Corporation 11.0.2+9-LTS)
     OS:           Windows 10 10.0 amd64
    

コマンド一覧

gradle tasksで確認

Application tasks

task detail
run Runs this project as a JVM application

Build tasks

task detail
run Runs this project as a JVM application
assemble Assembles the outputs of this project.
bootJar Assembles an executable jar archive containing the main classes and their dependencies.
build Assembles and tests this project.
buildDependents Assembles and tests this project and all projects that depend on it.
buildNeeded Assembles and tests this project and all projects it depends on.
classes Assembles main classes.
clean Deletes the build directory.
jar Assembles a jar archive containing the main classes.
testClasses Assembles test classes.

Build Setup tasks

task detail
init Initializes a new Gradle build.
wrapper Generates Gradle wrapper files.

Documentation tasks

task detail
javadoc Generates Javadoc API documentation for the main source code

Help tasks

task detail
buildEnvironment Displays all buildscript dependencies declared in root project ‘demo’.
components Displays the components produced by root project ‘demo’. [incubating]
dependencies Displays all dependencies declared in root project ‘demo’.
dependencyInsight Displays the insight into a specific dependency in root project ‘demo’.
dependencyManagement Displays the dependency management declared in root project ‘demo’.
dependentComponents Displays the dependent components of components in root project ‘demo’. [incubating]
help Displays a help message.
model Displays the configuration model of root project ‘demo’. [incubating]
projects Displays the sub-projects of root project ‘demo’.
properties Displays the properties of root project ‘demo’.
tasks Displays the tasks runnable from root project ‘demo’.

Verification tasks

task detail
check Runs all checks.
test Runs the unit tests.